Cad Risk And Effect Of Yoga In Young, Healthy Males

ABSTRACT

National Cholesterol Education Program (NCEP) guidelines recommend cholesterol screening as early as 20yrs. It also suggests that Risk ratio of > 3.5 is considered as risk forCAD(coronary artery disease).to know the lipid levels in young, healthy individuals, assess risk of CAD among them. (ii) to know  the effect of yoga on lipid profiles and its effect onCAD.Twenty five young healthy males of 18-25 years were selected for the study and they underwent Yoga practice for six months. Total  Cholesterol (TC), Triglycerides (TG), High density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL), Low density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL), Very low density Lipoprotein Cholesterol (VLDL) were measured and “risk ratio” (TC/HDL)was calculated.The risk ratio of >3.5 is noted in our subjects before practice of yoga. Significant reduction in TC, TG, VLDL, LDL, and significant increase in HDL is observed in this study. The risk ratio after practice of Yoga reduced significantly.Our study suggests that there is a risk of CAD even in the younger age group as noted fromthe risk ratio >3.5 as per NCEP guidelines and the risk of CAD is reduced by regular practice of yoga as is evident fromthe reduced risk ratio.

Serum lipids and apoprotein b levels in neonates and their correlation with maternal lipid profile & placental weight

ABSTRACT

To establish correlation if any between neonatal lipid profile and Apoprotein B levels and maternal nutritional markers (lipids,
Apo-B and placental weight).Correlation of lipid profile of newborns with markers of maternal nutrition. Settings: Department of Pediatrics, Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology. New born  abies and their mothers. Methods: The cord blood samples at birth and peripheral blood  amples at oneweek of agewere taken from500 neonates and their mothers and tested for  lipid parameters viz. cholesterol, LDL, HDL, VLDL,Chylomicrons, LDL-C, HDL-C, and VLDL-C. The weight of mother’s placentawas also taken upto the nearest 10 grams. The mean  maternal lipid values and Apo-B levels were significantly higher compared to their newborns. No significant correlation could be made between maternal lipids and neonatal plasma lipids except that infant’s HDLC approached closest to maternal HDLC levels. Amongst the “preterms”, babies born to mothers with acceptable cholesterol levels (less than 240 mg/dl) had favorable lipid profile compared to those born to mothers with  unacceptably high cholesterol levels (more than 240 mg/dl). No such difference was seen amongst the term new borns. It was also noted that as the placental weight increases, the cholesterol, LDL (low density lipoprotein) and Apo-B (Apoprotein B) rise correspondingly. This correlation was maintained even at one week of age. The strength of correlation  between placentalweight and mean lipid values highlights the importance of such a study, where  placental weight and maternal lipid values have been taken asmarkers ofmaternal nutrition.