Archive for the ‘ Medical Education ’ Category

SCIMITAR SYNDROME WITH ABSENT LEFT KIDNEYA CASE REPORT

ABSTRACT

Scimitar syndrome is a rare congenital anomaly consisting a part of right pulmonary venous return to the inferior vena cava. There is a clear bimodal presentation of this syndrome with either infantile presentation or a paediatric/adult form. The infantile variant is severe form with significant mortality. The adult form is less severe and may be asymptomatic. The case we are reporting presented with respiratory distress , hypoplasia of the right lung, dextroposition of the heart and absent left kidney.

ABSTRACT

The presence of bifid mandibular canal reported in the literature varies from 0.08% to 0.9%. The mandibular canal which transmits the inferior alveolar nerve which is responsible for the innervations of pulp tissue of all mandibular teeth is a target area for mandibular block technique. Failure to achieve a profound anesthesia during dental extraction is a challenge for the dental practitioner. This case report examines all the possible features about the bifid mandibular canal.